European Theater of Operations (ETO)

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[Annotators Note: Fred Hirsekorn served in the army as a gunner, then tank commander, and finally tank platoon...
Russell Hoff never thought he would die in a prisoner of war camp.  There was a secret crystal radio kept in the POW...
[Annotators Note: Charles Fitts served in the army in the mortar squad, 2nd Platoon, Company C, 66th Armored Infantry...
[Annotators Note: Franklin Denius was an artillery forward observer in Battery C, 230th Field Artillery Battalion, 30th...
After he was separated from the Army, Ikari ended up in Los Angeles but he was a little lost. He had thoughts about...
[Annotators Note: The tape skips at the beginning of this segment. The segment begins with Robert Walter talking about...
Warren Schmitt was one of 14 survivors from his battery [Annotators Note: survivors of the Malmedy Massacre]. All 14 of...
Olen Grant was born in Benton, Arkansas on 5 April 1923. After his father returned from World War I, he moved to Benton...
Darold Rice stated “I grew up,” when asked by the interviewer how the war changed his life. He came back with a renewed...
Tom Quigley made his way home where he had to check in to a base camp back stateside. On the way home he stopped and...
Herbert Heilbrun is happy he made friends with John the Tuskegee Airman. Heilbrun had yet to visit the National World...
Warren Schmitt and Ted Paulch were in the same hospital [Annotators Note: after they both survived the Malmedy Massacre...
Originally, when Frank Mancuso entered the army he was a Catholic. This changed when the Pope said they could not bomb...
[Annotators Note: Robert Walter was a platoon sergeant in Company L, 3rd Battalion, 393rd Infantry Regiment, 99th...
[Annotators Note: Daniel Farley served in the army as a rifleman in Company A, 5th Ranger Battalion.] On 9 June Company...
John Marr landed in water up to his armpits on D Day after the jump [Annotators Note: into Normandy] and immediately...
Josephine Pescatore remembers amputations and limbs that may require amputation. For medicine they used spiritus...
Harley Reynolds notes that by one in the morning they stopped and rested. The next morning they were in position and...
Frank Buschmeier and his crew were the oldest and most experienced after three missions. Buschmeier and his crew flew...
Robert Williams takes the interviewer through his collection of photographs. He has pictures of the plane the veterans...
James Livaudais remembers certain names from his combat experience very vividly. Not all of them are mentioned in...
James Livaudais saw a man named Oseroff killed. That was the first combat death that Livaudais witnessed. He merely...
Josephine Pescatore’s unit would leap frog with 44th Evac Hospital. One group would work while the other rested. They...
Fred Hirsekorn was drafted in early 1943. After induction at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas he was sent to Camp Campbell,...
Frank Buschmeier feels like he owes his life to the men who flew the plane and he owes his life to the durability of...
For Charles Coolidge, success [Annotators Note: success in combat] continued in Italy. His unit [Annotators Note:...
Charles Coolidge recalls the weather at Monte Cassino as being cold and rainy. Coolidge feels that had they gone with...
Harley Reynolds went through the town of Troina but did not fight there. Company F ran into most of the resistance...
[Annotators Note: Franklin Denius was an artillery forward observer in Battery C, 230th Field Artillery Battalion, 30th...
Donald Bryan’s last kill was an Arado234. Years later it was discovered that the German pilot flying that plane was on...

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