Segment 7

Annotation

Kassal remembers they moved very quickly through France, through the Rhone Valley, stopping in various cities like Dijon, Lyon, and Ness. They were in support of the 7th Army under General Patch [Annotator's Note: General Alexander McCarrell "Sandy" Patch]. They moved quickly into Alsace Lorraine by December of 1944. In November of 1944, Kassal recalls being at an officers party in Saverne when they were recalled to headquarters because they had to retreat to Nancy, the Germans had counter attacked. They retreated to Luneville just outside of Nancy for a week. He remembers hearing the news of Patton [Annotator's Note: General George S. Patton] taking control of the Third Army and breaking through the German lines. He received the Bronze Star for his intelligence actions at Nancy.Kassal and the rest of the 12th [Annotator's Note: 12th Tactical Air Command] crossed the Rhine River south of Frankfurt into Darmstadt. The German resistance was not as strong in Germany as it had been in Sicily and Italy. They moved into Munich and remained there until the end of the war in Europe. He had no job because there was no intelligence to be gathered. He did a lot of sightseeing with some of the other men and played baseball, he was a team captain.Kassal goes back to talk about the breaking of the ultra secret and the enigma machine. This took place at Bletchley Park, England. This consisted of the Allies breaking the German code. This was top secret work, but there were secrets that Kassal did not even know, like breaking the code. Colonel Corning came to Kassal one day to ask about a German airfield in a particular area. He sent out a photo recon [Annotator's Note: photographic reconnaisance] mission, which ended up being a cover up to hide the fact that they had broken the code.In May of 1945, Kassal was told that he was being assigned to the Japanese theater. He could not understand why he was being sent to Japan, but the general explained they had reason to believe that German Luftwaffe [Annotator's Note: German Air Force] pilots might try to escape to Japan and fight against the Americans. He was considered the top expert on Luftwaffe intelligence

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