Segment 1


Gonzales was 10 years old when the Japanese invaded [Annotator's Note: Manila, Philippine Islands]. At the time he lived near Santo Thomas University which was used to hold prisoners of the Japanese.Gonzales remembers the Japanese as beasts. He witnessed people being beheaded in the streets. At the time it didn't affect him but they scare him now.If a civilian passed a sentry and didn't bow 90 degrees they would be slapped or kicked. The Japanese would enter Filipino houses and take whatever they wanted including raping any women they wished.Gonzales had 8 siblings at the start of the war.Gonzales was caught many times doing things he wasn't supposed to. During the death march he was caught dropping food [Annotator's Note: purposefully dropping food for American soldiers during the Bataan Death March] but the Japanese soldiers let him go when he started crying.Life was fine before the invasion even though he was poor.At the time of the liberation Gonzales looked at the American soldiers as saviors.In 1939 life was good.Gonzales enjoyed watching the dogfights in the sky. When he got home his mother would spank him but she couldn't watch all of her kids at the same time. Gonzales saw it as a game and didn't realize the danger in it at the time.Gonzales watched from the side of the street as the prisoners on the death march passed down the street. Some of the prisoners would fall and would be kicked or beaten by the Japanese guards. Someone told him to drop some coconut candy. When he did he was caught but let go when he started to cry.The Japanese were rude and bad. Things got worse and worse during the occupation. Food was scarce. Gonzales witnessed people hunting rats for food.Gonzales lost 1 brother during the war but the remainder made it through the war.


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