Segment 5


Armanini describes explaining why he missed the target from the previous mission to Colonel Harding. [Annotator's note: Neil B. "Chick" Harding , 100th Bomb Group’s Commanding Officer]. After this mission, thanks to this discussion, most missions were planned to head into the wind and allow the wind to assist in the bomb run. Armanini describes the workings of the complicated Norden bomb sight. He explains the bombardier's code "Ten Minutes of Fame or Ten Minutes of Failure." He describes how the 100th Bomb Group lost four planes bombing a secondary target after the lead bombardier got lost during the bomb run.Armanini talks about Rosie Rosenthal and the Munster Raid [Annotator's note: October 10, 1943] and the tremendous losses suffered by the 100th Bomb Group. He discusses Rosenthal at length and describes his actions. Armanini discusses his last mission and the situation before the mission. He explains that on his last mission the Tokyo Tanks [Annotator's note: Long range fuel tanks in the wings of the B-17's] were filled and installed on the 100th's aircraft. Being his last mission Armanini thought that he wouldn't fly on this long range and probably dangerous mission. He was upset when he learned that he was indeed scheduled to fly with Colonel Harding on this long range mission. He explains that he went to bed disgusted at the thought of flying an eleven hour mission on his final raid. The target was in Merensburg, Poland to bomb a Focke Wulf plant at 12,000 feet. He went back to his hut and wrote two letters to be mailed home in the event that he did not return. The target wound up being overcast and the 100th wound up bombing Peenemünde, Germany by radar. The raid turned out to be uneventful and Joe returned to Thorpe Abbotts [Annotator’s Note: 100th Bomb Group’s English air base] in one piece to complete his tour of duty.


All oral histories featured on this site are available to license. The videos will be delivered via mail as Hi Definition video on DVD/DVDs or via file transfer. You will be purchasing the oral history in its entirety but will be free to use only specific clips. Please contact the Museum at if you are interested in licensing this content. Please allow up to two weeks for file delivery or delivery of the DVD to your postal address. See more information at