Segment 6


There were a lot of events that did not make a lasting impression on Crain. He cannot recall the troops he brought in for the Southern France landing but it was highly uneventful. As far as Crain can remember there were no air raids on his convoy. There was a heavy preinvasion bombardment that softened up the beach defenses for the men who were landing.The convoy of ships would usually drop their anchor about 10 to 12 miles offshore. This was done so that the ships were a safe distance from any possible artillery fire. After the transports were loaded they would circle around before they headed in at about a distance of 2 miles. As the force would move inland the convoy would make anchor closer to shore in order to make the trips for the boats shorter.Crain left Norfolk Virginia and headed towards the Caribbean. They had to stand off for a day because when they got there it was Christmas morning and the Panama Canal was closed. After the Canal opened they proceeded towards the Pacific. They had originally debarked from New York. From New York he went to Virginia and from there he went to the Caribbean and through the Canal on 26 December 1944. It was a shock going from freezing cold to subtropical temperatures.Crain ended up in the Philippines and during his time there they went on maneuvers. From the Philippines Crain helped participate in the landings on Okinawa. His transport ship was hit by a kamikaze and it killed about 70 men. The islands that Crain landed men on around Okinawa were relatively easy landings. He does not recall taking any fire. The biggest problem for him and the men were the kamikaze planes.


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